Alabama Uniform Anatomical Gift Act Law

Uniform Anatomical Gift – General – Alabama

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§ 22-19-161. Short title

This article may be cited as the “Alabama Uniform Anatomical Gift Act.”

§ 22-19-51. Definitions

As used in this article, the following terms have the following meanings:

(1) ANATOMICAL GIFT. means a donation of all or part of a human body to take effect after the donor’s death for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research, or education.

(2) DECEDENT. means a deceased individual whose body or part is or may be the source of an anatomical gift. The term includes a stillborn infant and, subject to restrictions imposed by law other than this article, a fetus.

(3) DOCUMENT OF GIFT. means a donor card or other record used to make an anatomical gift. The term includes a statement or symbol on a driver’s license, identification card, or donor registry.

(4) DONOR. means an individual whose body or part is the subject of an anatomical gift.

(5) ENUCLEATOR. An individual who is licensed pursuant to Article 4, commencing with Section 34-13-150, of Chapter 13 of Title 34 or is certified pursuant to Article 6, commencing with Section 22-19-100.

(6) HOSPITAL. means a facility licensed, accredited, or approved as a hospital under the provisions of Article 2, Chapter 21, Title 22 or a facility operated as a hospital by the United States government.

(7) LOCAL PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICIAL. means a physician acting in the capacity as an area health officer, local health officer, or county health officer.

(8) PART. means an organ, an eye, or tissue of a human being. The term does not include the whole body.

(9) PERSON. means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.

(10) PHYSICIAN or SURGEON. An individual licensed by the Medical Licensure Commission of Alabama and authorized to practice medicine and surgery or osteopathy and surgery.

(11) Organ procurement organization means a person designated by the Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services as an organ procurement organization.

(12) STATE. means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

(13) SURGEON’S ASSISTANT. means an individual licensed and certified as a surgeon’s assistant by the State Board of Medical Examiners to remove or process a part.

22-19-163 Who may make anatomical gift before donor’s death.

Subject to Section 22-19-167, an anatomical gift of a donor’s body or part may be made during the life of the donor for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research, or education in the manner provided in Section 22-19-164 by:

(1) the donor, if the donor is an adult or if the donor is a minor and is:

(A) emancipated; or

(B) authorized under state law to apply for a driver’s license because the donor is at least 16 years of age;

(2) an agent of the donor, unless the power of attorney for health care or other record prohibits the agent from making an anatomical gift;

(3) a parent of the donor, if the donor is an unemancipated minor; or

(4) the donor’s guardian.

22-19-164 Manner of making anatomical gift before donor’s death.

(a) A donor may make an anatomical gift:

(1) by authorizing a statement or symbol indicating that the donor has made an anatomical gift to be imprinted on the donor’s driver’s license or identification card;

(2) in a will;

(3) during a terminal illness or injury of the donor, by any form of communication addressed to at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness; or

(4) as provided in subsection (b).

(b) A donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under Section 22-19-163 may make a gift by a donor card or other record signed by the donor or other person making the gift or by authorizing that a statement or symbol indicating that the donor has made an anatomical gift be included on a donor registry. If the donor or other person is physically unable to sign a record, the record may be signed by another individual at the direction of the donor or other person and must:

(1) be witnessed by at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the donor or the other person; and

(2) state that it has been signed and witnessed as provided in subdivision (1).

(c) Revocation, suspension, expiration, or cancellation of a driver’s license or identification card upon which an anatomical gift is indicated does not invalidate the gift.

(d) An anatomical gift made by will takes effect upon the donor’s death whether or not the will is probated. Invalidation of the will after the donor’s death does not invalidate the gift.

22-19-165 Amending or revoking anatomical gift before donor’s death. (Code Of Alabama (2016 Edition))

(a) Subject to Section 22-19-167, a donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under Section 22-19-163 may amend or revoke an anatomical gift by:

(1) a record signed by:

(A) the donor;

(B) the other person; or

(C) subject to subsection (b), another individual acting at the direction of the donor or the other person if the donor or other person is physically unable to sign; or

(2) a later-executed document of gift that amends or revokes a previous anatomical gift or portion of an anatomical gift, either expressly or by inconsistency.

(b) A record signed pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(C) must:

(1) be witnessed by at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the donor or the other person; and

(2) state that it has been signed and witnessed as provided in subdivision (1).

(c) Subject to Section 22-19-167, a donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under Section 22-19-163 may revoke an anatomical gift by the destruction or cancellation of the document of gift, or the portion of the document of gift used to make the gift, with the intent to revoke the gift.

(d) A donor may amend or revoke an anatomical gift that was not made in a will by any form of communication during a terminal illness or injury addressed to at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness.

(e) A donor who makes an anatomical gift in a will may amend or revoke the gift in the manner provided for amendment or revocation of wills or as provided in subsection (a).

22-19-166 Refusal to make anatomical gift; effect of refusal.

(a) An individual may refuse to make an anatomical gift of the individual’s body or part by:

(1) a record signed by:

(A) the individual; or

(B) subject to subsection (b), another individual acting at the direction of the individual if the individual is physically unable to sign;

(2) the individual’s will, whether or not the will is admitted to probate or invalidated after the individual’s death; or

(3) any form of communication made by the individual during the individual’s terminal illness or injury addressed to at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness.

(b) A record signed pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(B) must:

(1) be witnessed by at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the individual; and

(2) state that it has been signed and witnessed as provided in subdivision (1).

(c) An individual who has made a refusal may amend or revoke the refusal:

(1) in the manner provided in subsection (a) for making a refusal;

(2) by subsequently making an anatomical gift pursuant to Section 22-19-164 that is inconsistent with the refusal; or

(3) by destroying or canceling the record evidencing the refusal, or the portion of the record used to make the refusal, with the intent to revoke the refusal.

(d) Except as otherwise provided in Section 22-19-167(h), in the absence of an express, contrary indication by the individual set forth in the refusal, an individual’s unrevoked refusal to make an anatomical gift of the individual’s body or part bars all other persons from making an anatomical gift of the individual’s body or part.

22-19-167 Preclusive effect of anatomical gift, amendment, or revocation.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (g) and subject to subsection (f), in the absence of an express, contrary indication by the donor, a person other than the donor is barred from making, amending, or revoking an anatomical gift of a donor’s body or part if the donor made an anatomical gift of the donor’s body or part under Section 22-19-164 or an amendment to an anatomical gift of the donor’s body or part under Section 22-19-165.

(b) A donor’s revocation of an anatomical gift of the donor’s body or part under Section 22-19-165 is not a refusal and does not bar another person specified in Section 22-19-163 or 22-19-168 from making an anatomical gift of the donor’s body or part under Section 22-19-164 or 22-19-169.

(c) If a person other than the donor makes an unrevoked anatomical gift of the donor’s body or part under Section 22-19-164 or an amendment to an anatomical gift of the donor’s body or part under Section 22-19-165, another person may not make, amend, or revoke the gift of the donor’s body or part under Section 22-19-169.

(d) A revocation of an anatomical gift of a donor’s body or part under Section 22-19-165 by a person other than the donor does not bar another person from making an anatomical gift of the body or part under Section 22-19-164 or 22-19-169.

(e) In the absence of an express, contrary indication by the donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under Section 22-19-163, an anatomical gift of a part is neither a refusal to give another part nor a limitation on the making of an anatomical gift of another part at a later time by the donor or another person.

(f) In the absence of an express, contrary indication by the donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under Section 22-19-163, an anatomical gift of a part for one or more of the purposes set forth in Section 22-19-163 is not a limitation on the making of an anatomical gift of the part for any of the other purposes by the donor or any other person under Section 22-19-164 or 22-19-169.

(g) If a donor who is an unemancipated minor dies, a parent of the donor who is reasonably available may revoke or amend an anatomical gift of the donor’s body or part.

(h) If an unemancipated minor who signed a refusal dies, a parent of the minor who is reasonably available may revoke the minor’s refusal.

22-19-168 Who may make anatomical gift of decedent’s body or part.

(a) Subject to subsections (b) and (c) and unless barred by Section 22-19-166 or 22-19-167, an anatomical gift of a decedent’s body or part for purpose of transplantation, therapy, research, or education may be made by any member of the following classes of persons who is reasonably available, in the order of priority listed:

(1) an agent of the decedent at the time of death who could have made an anatomical gift under Section 22-19-163(2) immediately before the decedent’s death;

(2) the spouse of the decedent;

(3) adult children of the decedent;

(4) parents of the decedent;

(5) adult siblings of the decedent;

(6) adult grandchildren of the decedent;

(7) grandparents of the decedent;

(8) an adult who exhibited special care and concern for the decedent;

(9) the persons who were acting as the guardians of the person of the decedent at the time of death; and

(10) any other person having the authority to dispose of the decedent’s body.

(b) If there is more than one member of a class listed in subsection (a)(1), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), or (9) entitled to make an anatomical gift, an anatomical gift may be made by a member of the class unless that member or a person to which the gift may pass under Section 22-19-170 knows of an objection by another member of the class. If an objection is known, the gift may be made only by a majority of the members of the class who are reasonably available.

(c) A person may not make an anatomical gift if, at the time of the decedent’s death, a person in a prior class under subsection (a) is reasonably available to make or to object to the making of an anatomical gift.

22-19-169 Manner of making, amending, or revoking anatomical gift of decedent’s body or part.

(a) A person authorized to make an anatomical gift under Section 22-19-168 may make an anatomical gift by a document of gift signed by the person making the gift or by that person’s oral communication that is electronically recorded or is contemporaneously reduced to a record and signed by the individual receiving the oral communication.

(b) Subject to subsection (c), an anatomical gift by a person authorized under Section 22-19-168 may be amended or revoked orally or in a record by any member of a prior class who is reasonably available. If more than one member of the prior class is reasonably available, the gift made by a person authorized under Section 22-19-168 may be:

(1) amended only if a majority of the reasonably available members agree to the amending of the gift; or

(2) revoked only if a majority of the reasonably available members agree to the revoking of the gift or if they are equally divided as to whether to revoke the gift.

(c) A revocation under subsection (b) is effective only if, before an incision has been made to remove a part from the donor’s body or before invasive procedures have begun to prepare the recipient, the procurement organization, transplant hospital, or physician, surgeon, surgeon’s assistant, certified procurement transplant coordinator (certified by the Alabama Organ Center), tissue recovery technician (certified by the Alabama Organ Center), or technician certified by the Eye Bank after completing training according to the medical standards of the Eye Bank Association of America to carry out the appropriate procedures knows of the revocation.

22-19-170 Persons that may receive anatomical gift; purpose of anatomical gift.

(a) An anatomical gift may be made to the following persons named in the document of gift:

(1) a hospital; accredited medical school, dental school, college, or university; organ procurement organization; or other appropriate person, for research or education;

(2) subject to subsection (b), an individual designated by the person making the anatomical gift if the individual is the recipient of the part;

(3) an eye bank or tissue bank.

(b) If an anatomical gift to an individual under subsection (a)(2) cannot be transplanted into the individual, the part passes in accordance with subsection (g) in the absence of an express, contrary indication by the person making the anatomical gift.

(c) If an anatomical gift of one or more specific parts or of all parts is made in a document of gift that does not name a person described in subsection (a) but identifies the purpose for which an anatomical gift may be used, the following rules apply:

(1) If the part is an eye and the gift is for the purpose of transplantation or therapy, the gift passes to the appropriate eye bank.

(2) If the part is tissue and the gift is for the purpose of transplantation or therapy, the gift passes to the appropriate tissue bank.

(3) If the part is an organ and the gift is for the purpose of transplantation or therapy, the gift passes to the appropriate organ procurement organization as custodian of the organ.

(4) If the part is an organ, an eye, or tissue and the gift is for the purpose of research or education, the gift passes to the appropriate procurement organization.

(d) For the purpose of subsection (c), if there is more than one purpose of an anatomical gift set forth in the document of gift but the purposes are not set forth in any priority, the gift must be used for transplantation or therapy, if suitable. If the gift cannot be used for transplantation or therapy, the gift may be used for research or education.

(e) If an anatomical gift of one or more specific parts is made in a document of gift that does not name a person described in subsection (a) and does not identify the purpose of the gift, the gift may be used only for transplantation or therapy, and the gift passes in accordance with subsection (g).

(f) If a document of gift specifies only a general intent to make an anatomical gift by words such as “donor,” “organ donor,” or “body donor,” or by a symbol or statement of similar import, the gift may be used only for transplantation or therapy, and the gift passes in accordance with subsection (g).

(g) For purposes of subsections (b), (e), and (f) the following rules apply:

(1) If the part is an eye, the gift passes to the appropriate eye bank.

(2) If the part is tissue, the gift passes to the appropriate tissue bank.

(3) If the part is an organ, the gift passes to the appropriate organ procurement organization as custodian of the organ.

(h) An anatomical gift of an organ for transplantation or therapy, other than an anatomical gift under subsection (a)(2), passes to the organ procurement organization as custodian of the organ.

(i) If an anatomical gift does not pass pursuant to subsections (a) through (h) or the decedent’s body or part is not used for transplantation, therapy, research, or education, custody of the body or part passes to the person under obligation to dispose of the body or part.

(j) A person may not accept an anatomical gift if the person knows that the gift was not effectively made under Section 22-19-164 or 22-19-169 or if the person knows that the decedent made a refusal under Section 22-19-166 that was not revoked. For purposes of this subsection, if a person knows that an anatomical gift was made on a document of gift, the person is deemed to know of any amendment or revocation of the gift or any refusal to make an anatomical gift on the same document of gift.

(k) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (a)(2), nothing in this article affects the allocation of organs for transplantation or therapy.

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Inside Alabama Uniform Anatomical Gift Act Law