Idaho Anatomical Gift Act Law

Uniform Anatomical Gift – General – Idaho

Section 39-3402: As used in this chapter:

(1)  “Anatomical gift” means a donation of all or part of a human body to take effect after the donor’s death for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research or education.

(2)  “Decedent” means a deceased individual whose body or part is or may be the source of an anatomical gift. The term includes a stillborn infant and, subject to restrictions imposed by law other than this chapter, a fetus.

(3)  “Document of gift” means a donor card or other record used to make an anatomical gift. The term includes a statement or symbol on a driver’s license, identification card or donor registry.

(4)  “Donor” means an individual whose body or part is the subject of an anatomical gift.

(5)  “Enucleation” means removing or processing eyes or parts of eyes.

(6)  “Enucleator” means an individual who has completed a course in eye enucleation and has a certificate of competence from the Idaho Eye Bank or the  Eye Bank Association of America.

(7)  “Hospital” means a facility licensed as a hospital under the law of any state or a facility operated as a hospital by the United States, a state, or a subdivision of a state.

(8)  “Part” means an organ, an eye, or tissue of a human being. The term does not include the whole body.

(9)  “Person” means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.

(10) “Physician” or “surgeon” means an individual authorized to practice medicine or osteopathy under the law of any state.

(11) “Procurement entity” means an organ procurement organization or a hospital, medical school, physician, eye bank or tissue bank.

(12) “Procurement organization” means an eye bank, organ procurement organization, or tissue bank.

(13)  “State” means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

(14)  “Technician” means an individual determined to be qualified to remove or process parts by an appropriate organization that is licensed, accredited or regulated under federal or state law. The term includes an enucleator.

Section 39-3404:

An anatomical gift of a donor’s body or part may be made during the life of the donor for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research or education in the manner provided in section 39-3405, Idaho Code, by:

(1) The donor, if the donor is an adult or if the donor is a minor and is:

(a) Emancipated; or

(b) At least sixteen (16) years of age, provided however, that if the donor is sixteen (16) years of age or older and less than eighteen (18) years of age, a parent or an adult guardian must consent in writing in the presence of the donor.

(2) An agent of the donor, unless the power of attorney for health care or other record prohibits the agent from making an anatomical gift;

(3) A parent of the donor, if the donor is an unemancipated minor; or

(4) The donor’s guardian.

Section 39-3405:

A donor may make an anatomical gift:

(a) By authorizing a statement or symbol indicating that the donor has made an anatomical gift to be imprinted on the donor’s driver’s license or identification card;

(b) In a will;

(c) During a terminal illness or injury of the donor, by any form of communication addressed to at least two (2) adults, at least one (1) of whom is a disinterested witness; or

A donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 39-3404, Idaho Code, may make a gift by a donor card or other record signed by the donor or other person making the gift or by authorizing that a statement or symbol indicating that the donor has made an anatomical gift be included on a donor registry. If the donor or other person is physically unable to sign a record, the record may be signed by another individual at the direction of the donor or other person and must:

(a) Be witnessed by at least two (2) adults, at least one (1) of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the donor or the other person; and

(b) State that it has been signed and witnessed as provided in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

(3) Revocation, suspension, expiration or cancellation of a driver’s license or identification card upon which an anatomical gift is indicated does not invalidate the gift.

(4) An anatomical gift made by will takes effect upon the donor’s death whether or not the will is probated. Invalidation of the will after the donor’s death does not invalidate the gift.

Section 39-3406:
A donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 39-3404, Idaho Code, may amend or revoke an anatomical gift by:

(a) A record signed by:

(i) The donor;

(ii) The other person; or

(iii) Subject to subsection (2) of this section, another individual acting at the direction of the donor or the other person if the donor or other person is physically unable to sign; or

(b) A later-executed document of gift that amends or revokes a previous anatomical gift or portion of an anatomical gift, either expressly or by inconsistency.

(2) A record signed pursuant to subsection (1)(a)(iii) of this section must:

(a) Be witnessed by at least two (2) adults, at least one (1) of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the donor or the other person; and

(b) State that it has been signed and witnessed as provided in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

(3) Subject to section 39-3408, Idaho Code, a donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 39-3404, Idaho Code, may revoke an anatomical gift by the destruction or cancellation of the document of gift, or the portion of the document of gift used to make the gift, with the intent to revoke the gift.

(4) A donor may amend or revoke an anatomical gift that was not made in a will by any form of communication during a terminal illness or injury addressed to at least two (2) adults, at least one (1) of whom is a disinterested witness.

(5) A donor who makes an anatomical gift in a will may amend or revoke the gift in the manner provided for amendment or revocation of wills or as provided in subsection (1) of this section.

39-3407. REFUSAL TO MAKE ANATOMICAL GIFT — EFFECT OF REFUSAL.

An individual may refuse to make an anatomical gift of the individual’s body or part by:

(a) A record signed by:

(i) The individual; or

(ii) Subject to subsection (2) of this section, another individual acting at the direction of the individual if the individual is physically unable to sign;

(b) The individual’s will, whether or not the will is admitted to probate or invalidated after the individual’s death; or

(c) Any form of communication made by the individual during the individual’s terminal illness or injury addressed to at least two (2) adults, at least one (1) of whom is a disinterested witness.

(2) A record signed pursuant to subsection (1)(a)(ii) of this section must:

(a) Be witnessed by at least two (2) adults, at least one (1) of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the individual; and

(b) State that it has been signed and witnessed as provided in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

(3) An individual who has made a refusal may amend or revoke the refusal:

(a) In the manner provided in subsection (1) of this section for making a refusal;

(b) By subsequently making an anatomical gift pursuant to section 39-3405, Idaho Code, that is inconsistent with the refusal; or

(c) By destroying or canceling the record evidencing the refusal, or the portion of the record used to make the refusal, with the intent to revoke the refusal.

(4) Except as otherwise provided in section 39-3408(8), Idaho Code, in the absence of an express, contrary indication by the individual set forth in the refusal, an individual’s unrevoked refusal to make an anatomical gift of the individual’s body or part bars all other persons from making an anatomical gift of the individual’s body or part.

39-3409. WHO MAY MAKE ANATOMICAL GIFT OF DECEDENT’S BODY OR PART.

An anatomical gift of a decedent’s body or part for purpose of transplantation, therapy, research or education may be made by any member of the following classes of persons who is reasonably available, in the order of priority listed:

(a) An agent of the decedent at the time of death who could have made an anatomical gift under section 39-3404(2), Idaho Code, immediately before the decedent’s death;

(b) The spouse of the decedent;

(c) Adult children of the decedent;

(d) Parents of the decedent;

(e) Adult siblings of the decedent;

(f) Adult grandchildren of the decedent;

(g) Grandparents of the decedent;

(h) An adult who exhibited special care and concern for the decedent;

(i) The persons who were acting as the guardians of the person of the decedent at the time of death; and

(j) Any other person having the authority to dispose of the decedent’s body.

If there is more than one (1) member of a class listed in subsection (1)(a), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g) or (i) of this section entitled to make an anatomical gift, an anatomical gift may be made by a member of the class unless that member or a person to which the gift may pass under section 39-3412, Idaho Code, knows of an objection by another member of the class. If an objection is known, the gift may be made only by a majority of the members of the class who are reasonably available.

A person may not make an anatomical gift if, at the time of the decedent’s death, a person in a prior class under subsection (1) of this section is reasonably available to make or to object to the making of an anatomical gift.

39-3410. MANNER OF MAKING, AMENDING OR REVOKING ANATOMICAL GIFT OF DECEDENT’S BODY OR PART.

A person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 39-3409, Idaho Code, may make an anatomical gift by a document of gift signed by the person making the gift or by that person’s oral communication that is electronically recorded or is contemporaneously reduced to a record and signed by the individual receiving the oral communication.

An anatomical gift by a person authorized under section 39-3409, Idaho Code, may be amended or revoked orally or in a record by any member of a prior class who is reasonably available. If more than one (1) member of the prior class is reasonably available, the gift made by a person authorized under section 39-3409, Idaho Code, may be:

(a) Amended only if a majority of the reasonably available members agree to the amending of the gift; or

(b) Revoked only if a majority of the reasonably available members agree to the revoking of the gift or if they are equally divided as to whether to revoke the gift.

A revocation under subsection (2) of this section is effective only if, before an incision has been made to remove a part from the donor’s body or before invasive procedures have begun to prepare the recipient, the procurement organization, transplant hospital, or physician or technician knows of the revocation.

39-3411. REQUIREMENTS FOR INFORMED CONSENT.

In the absence of a document of gift or other evidence of an individual’s intention to make or refuse to make an anatomical gift, the following information shall be provided to any person or persons, listed in section 39-3409, Idaho Code, approached for purposes of obtaining informed consent:

(1) A confirmation of the donor’s identity and his or her clinical terminal condition;

(2) A general description of the purposes of anatomical gift donation;

(3) Identification of specific organs and/or tissues, including cells, that are being requested for donation, provided that subsequent information on the specific gifts recovered shall be supplied;

(4) An explanation that the retrieved organs and/or tissues may be used for transplantation, therapy, medical research or educational purposes;

(5) A general description of the recovery process including, but not limited to, timing, relocation of the donor if applicable, and contact information;

(6) An explanation that laboratory tests and a medical and/or social history will be completed to determine the medical suitability of the donor and that blood samples from the donor will be tested for certain transmissible diseases, including testing for HIV antibodies or antigens;

(7) An explanation that the spleen, lymph nodes and blood may be removed, and cultures may be performed, for the purpose of determining donor suitability and donor and recipient capability;

(8) A statement granting access to the donor’s medical records and providing that the medical records may be released to other appropriate parties;

(9) An explanation that costs directly related to the evaluation, recovery, preservation and placement of the organs and/or tissues will not be charged to the family members of the donor;

(10) An explanation of the impact the donation process may have on burial arrangements and on the appearance of the donor’s body; and

(11) A statement that tissues or parts may be retrieved and/or used by for-profit procurement entities.

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Inside Idaho Anatomical Gift Act Law