Uniform Anatomical Gift – General – Iowa
142C.3 Persons who may make — manner of making — amending or revoking — refusal to make anatomical gift before donor’s death — preclusive effect.
1. Who may make. Subject to subsection 5, an anatomical gift of a donor’s body or part may be made during the life of the donor for the purposes of transplantation, therapy, research, or education in the manner prescribed in subsection 2 by any of the following:
a. The donor if the donor is any of the following:
(1) An adult.
(2) A minor, if the minor is emancipated.
(3) A minor, if the minor is authorized under state law to apply for a driver’s license or identification card because the minor is at least 14 years of age, and the minor authorizes a statement or symbol indicating an anatomical gift on a driver’s license, identification card, or donor registry entry with the signed approval of a parent or guardian.
b. An agent of the donor, unless the durable power of attorney for health care or other record prohibits the agent from making the anatomical gift.
c. A parent of the donor, if the donor is an unemancipated minor.
d. The guardian of the donor.
2. Manner of making.
a. A donor may make an anatomical gift by any of the following means:
(1) By authorizing a statement or symbol indicating that the donor has made an anatomical gift to be imprinted on the donor’s driver’s license or identification card.
(2) In a will.
(3) During a terminal illness or injury of the donor, by any form of communication addressed to at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness.
142C.4 Who may make anatomical gift of decedent’s body or part — amending or revoking gift.
1. Subject to subsection 2, and unless prohibited by section 142C.3, subsection 4 or 5, an anatomical gift of a decedent’s body or part for purposes of transplantation, therapy, research, or education may be made by any member of the following classes of persons who is reasonably available, in the order of priority listed.
a. An agent of the decedent at the time of death who could have made an anatomical gift under section 142C.3, subsection 1, immediately before the decedent’s death.
b. The spouse of the decedent.
c. Adult children of the decedent.
d. Parents of the decedent.
e. Adult siblings of the decedent.
f. Adult grandchildren of the decedent.
g. Grandparents of the decedent.
h. An adult who exhibited special care and concern for the decedent.
i. Any persons who were acting as guardians of the decedent at the time of death.
j. Any other person having the authority to dispose of the decedent’s body.
2. a. If there is more than one member of a class listed in subsection 1, paragraph “a”, “c”, “d”, “e”, “f”, “g”, or “i”, entitled to make an anatomical gift, an anatomical gift may be made by one member of the class unless that member or a person to whom the gift may pass under section 142C.5 knows of an objection by another member of the class. If an objection is known, the gift shall be made only by a majority of the members of the class who are reasonably available.
b. A person shall not make an anatomical gift if, at the time of the death of the decedent, a person in a prior class under subsection 1 is reasonably available to make or to object to the making of an anatomical gift.
3. A person authorized to make an anatomical gift under subsection 1 may make an anatomical gift by a document of gift signed by the person making the gift or by the person’s oral communication that is electronically recorded or is contemporaneously reduced to a record and signed by the recipient of the oral communication.
4. Subject to subsection 5, an anatomical gift by a person authorized under subsection 1 may be amended or revoked orally or in a record by any member of the prior class who is reasonably available. If more than one member of the prior class is reasonably available, the gift made by a person authorized under subsection 1 may be:
a. Amended only if a majority of the reasonably available members agree to the amending of the gift.
b. Revoked only if a majority of the reasonably available members agree to the revoking of the gift or if they are equally divided as to whether to revoke the gift.
5. A revocation under subsection 4 is effective only if, before an incision has been made to remove a part from the donor’s body or before invasive procedures have begun to prepare the recipient, the procurement organization, transplant hospital, or physician or technician knows of the revocation.
142C.6 Delivery of document of gift not required — right to examine.
1. A document of gift does not require delivery during the donor’s lifetime to be effective.
2. Upon or after an individual’s death, a person in possession of the document of gift or a refusal to make an anatomical gift with respect to the individual shall allow examination and copying of the document of gift or the refusal by a person authorized to make or object to the making of an anatomical gift with respect to the individual or by a person to whom the gift could pass under section 142C.5.
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