Louisiana Anatomical Gift Act Law

Uniform Anatomical Gift – General – Louisiana

§2352. Applicability; persons who may make an anatomical gift prior to the death of the donor

A. The provisions of this Part shall apply to an anatomical gift or amendment, revocation, or refusal to make an anatomical gift.

B. Subject to the provisions of R.S. 17:2354.2, an anatomical gift of a body or part of the donor may be made during his life for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research, or education as provided in R.S. 17:2354 by any of the following:

(1) An adult donor.

(2) A minor donor, if he has been emancipated or authorized under state law to apply for a driver’s license.

(3) An agent of the donor, unless the power of attorney for health care or other record prohibits it.

(4) A parent of the donor, if he is an unemancipated minor.

(5) The guardian of the donor.

§2354.1. Refusal to make anatomical gift; effect

A. A person may refuse to make an anatomical gift of his body or part by executing any of the following:

(1) A signed record in accordance with Subsection B of this Section or if he is physically unable to sign, another person acting at the direction of the person shall sign.

(2) A will and testament, whether or not the will is admitted to probate or invalidated after his death.

(3) Any form of communication made by the person during a terminal illness or injury addressed to at least two adults, one of whom is a disinterested witness.

B. A signed record, shall be witnessed by at least two adults, one of whom is a disinterested witness, and shall state that it has been signed and witnessed as provided in Subsection A of this Section.

C. A person who has made a refusal to make an anatomical gift, may amend or revoke the refusal in any of the following ways:

(1) In the manner provided in Subsection A of this Section for making a refusal.

(2) By subsequently making an anatomical gift in accordance with R.S. 17:2354 that is inconsistent with the refusal.

(3) By destroying or canceling the record or a portion thereof evidencing the refusal, with the intent of revocation.

D. Except as otherwise provided in R.S. 17:2354.2, in the absence of an express contrary indication set forth in the refusal, an unrevoked refusal bars all other persons from making an anatomical gift of the body or part of the person.

§2354.2. Preclusive effect of anatomical gift; amendment; revocation

A. Except as otherwise provided in Subsection G of this Section and subject to Subsection F of this Section, in the absence of an express, contrary indication by the donor, a person other than the donor is barred from making, amending, or revoking an anatomical gift of the body or part of the donor if the gift complies with R.S. 17:2354 or 2356.

B. A revocation of a gift in accordance with R.S. 17:2356 is not a refusal and does not bar another person from making an anatomical gift of the body or part of the donor in accordance with this Part.

C. If a person other than the donor makes an unrevoked anatomical gift of the body or part or the donor in accordance with R.S. 17:2354 or amends a gift of the body or part of the donor in accordance with R.S. 17:2356, another person may not make, amend, or revoke the gift in accordance with R.S. 17:2356.

D. A revocation of an anatomical gift of the body or part of a donor in accordance with R.S. 17:2356 by a person other than the donor does not bar another person from making an anatomical gift of the body or part in accordance with R.S. 17:2354 or 2356.

E. In the absence of an express, contrary indication by the donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift, an anatomical gift of a part is neither a refusal to give another part nor a limitation on the making of a gift of another part at a later time by the donor or another person.

F. In the absence of an express, contrary indication by the donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift, an anatomical gift of a part for one or more of the purposes in R.S. 17:2352 is not a limitation on the making of an anatomical gift of the part for any other purpose in accordance with R.S. 17:2354 or 2356.

G. If an unemancipated minor donor dies, his reasonably available parent may revoke or amend the anatomical gift.

§2354.3. Authority to make an anatomical gift of a body or part

A. Subject to Subsections B and C of this Section and unless barred by R.S. 17:2354.1 or 2354.2, an anatomical gift of the body or part of a decedent for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research, or education may be made by any reasonably available member of the following classes, in the following order of priority:

(1) The agent who could have made an anatomical gift in accordance with R.S. 17:2352 immediately before the death of the decedent.

(2) The surviving spouse of the decedent.

(3) The adult children of the decedent.

(4) The parents of the decedent.

(5) The adult siblings of the decedent.

(6) The adult grandchildren of the decedent.

(7) The grandparents of the decedent.

(8) An adult who exhibited special care and concern for the decedent.

(9) The person acting as guardian of the decedent at the time of death.

(10) Any other person having the authority to dispose of the body of the decedent.

B. If there is more than one member of a class listed in Subsection A of this Section entitled to make an anatomical gift, an anatomical gift may be made by a member of the class unless that member or a person to which the gift may pass in accordance with R.S. 17:2353 knows of an objection by another member of the class. If an objection is known, the gift may be made only by a majority of the members of the class who are reasonably available.

C. A person may not make an anatomical gift if at the time of the death of the decedent, a person in a higher ranking class is reasonably available to make or to object to the making of an anatomical gift.

D. A person authorized to make an anatomical gift pursuant to R.S. 17:2352 or this Section may make an anatomical gift by any of the following:

(1) Verbally, by telephone, provided that the conversation is recorded and a record of such conversation is maintained.

(2) Verbally when expressed or given before two witnesses.

(3) Verbally, by telephone, provided that the conversation is witnessed.

§2356. Revocation or amendment of the gift before death

A. A person authorized to make an anatomical gift in accordance with this Part may amend or revoke the gift by a signed record or a later-executed document of gift that amends or revokes a previous gift or portion of a gift either expressly or by inconsistency.

B. A signed record in accordance with Subsection A of this Section shall be witnessed by at least two adults, one of whom is a disinterested witness, and state that it has been signed and witnessed in accordance with law.

C. An anatomical gift executed in accordance with this Part may be revoked by destruction, cancellation of the document of gift, or cancellation of the portion of the document of gift used to make the gift, with the intent to revoke.

D. Any anatomical gift made by a will may be revoked or amended in the manner provided for revocation or amendment of wills or as provided in Subsection A of this Section.

E. A donor may amend or revoke an anatomical gift that was not made in a will by any form of communication during a terminal illness or injury addressed to at least two adults, one of whom is disinterested.

F. A person authorized to make an anatomical gift in accordance with this Section may make a gift by executing a signed document of gift or by oral communication that is electronically recorded or is contemporaneously reduced to a record and signed by the individual receiving the oral communication.

G. Subject to Subsection E of this Section, an anatomical gift by an authorized person may be amended or revoked orally or in a record by any reasonably available member of a higher ranking class. If more than one member of the class is available, the gift may be amended only if a majority of the members agree or revoked only if a majority of the members agree or are equally divided.

H. A revocation in accordance with Subsection C of this Section is effective only if before an incision has been made to remove a part from the body of the donor or before invasive procedures have begun to prepare the recipient, the procurement organization, transplant hospital, or physician or technician knows of the revocation.

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