Maine Anatomical Gift Act Law

Uniform Anatomical Gift – General – Maine

§2944. Who may make anatomical gift before donor’s death

An anatomical gift of a donor’s body or part may be made during the life of the donor for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research or education in the manner provided in section 2945 by:

1. Donor. The donor, if the donor is at least 18 years of age or is under 18 years of age and is:

A. An emancipated minor; or
B. Authorized under state law to apply for a driver’s license because the donor is at least 16 years of age;
2. Agent of donor. An agent of the donor, unless the power of attorney for health care or other record prohibits the agent from making an anatomical gift;
3. Parent of the donor. A parent of the donor, if the donor is under 18 years of age and not emancipated; or
4. Guardian of donor. The donor’s guardian.

§2945. Manner of making anatomical gift before donor’s death

1. Donor. A donor may make an anatomical gift:

A. By authorizing inclusion in the donor registry;

B. In a will; or

C. During a terminal illness or injury of the donor, by any form of communication addressed to at least 2 other individuals who are at least 18 years of age, one of whom is a disinterested witness.

2. Donor or other authorized person. A donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 2944 may make a gift by a donor card, advance directive or other record signed by the donor or other person making the gift authorizing inclusion in the donor registry. If the donor or other person is physically unable to sign a record, the record may be signed by another individual at the direction of the donor or the other person and must:

A. Be witnessed by at least 2 other individuals who are at least 18 years of age, one of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the donor or the other person; and

B. State that it has been signed and witnessed as provided in paragraph A.

3. Anatomical gift not invalidated. Revocation, suspension, expiration or cancellation of the driver’s license or identification card issued to a donor does not invalidate an anatomical gift.

4. Anatomical gift by will. An anatomical gift made by will takes effect upon the donor’s death whether or not the will is probated. Invalidation of the will after the donor’s death does not invalidate the gift.

§2946. Amending or revoking anatomical gift before donor’s death

1. Donor or authorized person. Subject to section 2948, a donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 2944 may amend or revoke an anatomical gift by:

A. A record signed by:

(1) The donor;

(2) The other person; or

(3) Subject to subsection 2, another individual acting at the direction of the donor or the other person if the donor or other person is physically unable to sign; or

B. A later-executed document of gift that amends or revokes a previous anatomical gift or portion of an anatomical gift, either expressly or by inconsistency.

2. Individual acting at donor’s or authorized person’s direction. A record signed pursuant to subsection 1, paragraph A, subparagraph (3) must:

A. Be witnessed by at least 2 other individuals who are at least 18 years of age, one of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the donor or the other person; and

B. State that it has been signed and witnessed as provided in paragraph A.

3. Revocation by destruction or cancellation of document. Subject to section 2948, a donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 2944 may revoke the gift by the destruction or cancellation of the document of gift, or a portion of the document of gift used to make the gift, with the intent to revoke the gift.

4. Amendment or revocation by donor during terminal illness or injury. A donor may amend or revoke an anatomical gift that was not made in a will by any form of communication during a terminal illness or injury addressed to at least 2 other individuals who are at least 18 years of age, one of whom is a disinterested witness.

5. Amendment or revocation of gift in will. A donor who makes an anatomical gift in a will may amend or revoke the gift in the manner provided for amendment or revocation of wills or as provided in subsection 1.

§2949. Who may make anatomical gift of decedent’s body or part

1. Gift by members of class; priority. Subject to subsections 2 and 3 and unless barred by subsection 4, an anatomical gift of a decedent’s body or part for purposes of transplantation, therapy, research or education may be made, in the order of priority listed, by any member of the following classes of persons who is reasonably available:

A. An agent of the decedent at the time of death who could have made an anatomical gift under section 2944, subsection 2 immediately before the decedent’s death;

B. The spouse of the decedent;

C. The registered domestic partner of the decedent;

D. Adult children of the decedent;

E. Parents of the decedent;

F. Adult siblings of the decedent;

G. Adult grandchildren of the decedent;

H. Grandparents of the decedent;

I. An adult who exhibited special care and concern for the decedent who is familiar with the decedent’s personal values; [2007, c. 601, §2 (NEW).]

J. The person or persons acting as the guardian of the person of the decedent at the time of death; and

K. Any other person having the authority to dispose of the decedent’s body.

2. Anatomical gift by member of class unless object. If there is more than one member of a class listed in subsection 1, paragraph A, D, E, F, G, H or J entitled to make an anatomical gift, an anatomical gift may be made by a member of the class unless that member or a person to which the gift can pass under section 2951 knows of an objection by another member of the class. If an objection is known, the gift may be made only by a majority of the members of the class who are reasonably available.

3. Member of prior class reasonably available. No person may make an anatomical gift if, at the time of the decedent’s death, a person in a prior class under subsection 1 is reasonably available to make or to object to the making of an anatomical gift.

4. Gift barred. An anatomical gift may not be made if doing so is barred by section 2947 or 2948.

§2950. Manner of making, amending or revoking anatomical gift of decedent’s body or part

1. Authorized person: document; oral communication. A person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 2949 may make an anatomical gift by a document of gift signed by the person making the gift or that person’s oral communication that is electronically recorded or is contemporaneously reduced to a record and signed by the individual receiving the oral communication.

2. Amendment or revocation by prior class member. Subject to subsection 3, an anatomical gift by a person authorized under section 2949 may be amended or revoked orally or in a record by any member of a prior class who is reasonably available. If more than one member of the prior class is reasonably available, the gift may be amended or revoked only if a majority of the reasonably available members object to the amending or revoking of the gift or they are equally divided as to whether to amend or revoke an anatomical gift.

3. Revocation effective if known. A revocation under subsection 2 is effective only if the procurement organization or transplant hospital or the physician or technician knows of the revocation before an incision has been made to remove a part from the donor’s body or before invasive procedures have begun to prepare the recipient.

4. Requesting consent. Consent for an anatomical gift by a recovery agency under section 2949 must be documented in writing or, if secured in a telephone conversation, in a suitable recording, must disclose in plain language the specific tissue, organ or body part being donated and the purpose for which the anatomical gift will be used and must comply in all respects with rules regarding consent requirements for anatomical gifting adopted by the department pursuant to subsection 5.

5. Rulemaking. The department, after consultation with the Office of the Attorney General, shall adopt rules to implement this section. The rules must provide specific requirements for all recovery agencies, require federally recognized recovery agencies to demonstrate compliance with applicable federal standards governing consent to anatomical gifts and require all other recovery agencies that do not operate under federal regulation to demonstrate adherence to the consent requirements of this section. Rules adopted pursuant to this subsection are routine technical rules as defined in Title 5, chapter 375, subchapter 2-A.

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