Tennessee Anatomical Gift Act Law

Uniform Anatomical Gift – General – Tennessee

68-30-104. Who may make anatomical gift before donor’s death.

An anatomical gift of a donor’s body or part may be made during the life of the donor for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research, or education in the manner provided in § 68-30-105 by:

(1) The donor, if the donor is an adult or if the donor is a minor and is:

(A) Emancipated; or

(B) Authorized under state law to apply for a driver license because the donor is at least fifteen (15) years of age;

(2) An agent of the donor, unless the power of attorney for healthcare, advance directive or other record prohibits the agent from making an anatomical gift;

(3) A parent of the donor, if the donor is an unemancipated minor; or

(4) The donor’s guardian.

68-30-105. Manner of making anatomical gift before donor’s death.

(a) A donor may make an anatomical gift:

(1) By authorizing a statement or symbol indicating that the donor has made an anatomical gift to be imprinted on the donor’s driver license;

(2) In a will, any living will, durable power of attorney for healthcare or other instrument, signed by the individual complying with living wills under title 32, chapter 11 with durable powers of attorney for health care under title 34, chapter 6, part 2, or advance directives under chapter 11, part 18 of this title;

(3) During a terminal illness or injury of the donor, by any form of communication addressed to at least two (2) adults, at least one (1) of whom is a disinterested witness; or

(4) As provided in subsection (b).

(b) A donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under § 68-30-104 may make a gift by a donor card or other record signed by the donor or other person making the gift, or by authorizing that a statement or symbol indicating that the donor has made an anatomical gift be included on a donor registry. If the donor or other person is physically unable to sign a record, the record may be signed by another individual at the direction of the donor or other person and shall:

(1) Be witnessed by at least two (2) adults, at least one (1) of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the donor or the other person; and

(2) State that it has been signed and witnessed as provided in subdivision (b)(1).

(c) Revocation, suspension, expiration, or cancellation of a driver license or identification card upon which an anatomical gift is indicated does not invalidate the gift.

(d) An anatomical gift made by will takes effect upon the donor’s death whether or not the will is probated. Invalidation of the will after the donor’s death does not invalidate the gift.

68-30-106. Amendment or revocation of anatomical gift before donor’s death.

(a) A donor may amend or revoke an anatomical gift, not made by will, by:

(1) A signed statement;

(2) An oral statement made in the presence of two (2) individuals;

(3) Any form of communication by a terminal patient addressed to a physician; or

(4) The delivery of a signed statement to a specified donee to whom a document of gift had been delivered.

(b) A donor who makes an anatomical gift in a will may amend or revoke the gift in the manner provided for amendment or revocation of wills or as provided in subsection (a).

68-30-109. Who may make anatomical gift of decedent’s body or part.

(a) Subject to subsections (b) and (c), an anatomical gift of a decedent’s body or part for purpose of transplantation, therapy, research, or education may be made by any member of the following classes of persons who is reasonably available, in the order of priority listed:

(1) A guardian or conservator of the person of the decedent at the time of death, if the court order authorizes the guardian or conservator to make healthcare decisions;

(2) An agent;

(3) The spouse of the decedent;

(4) Adult children of the decedent;

(5) Parents of the decedent;

(6) Adult siblings of the decedent;

(7) Adult grandchildren of the decedent;

(8) Grandparents of the decedent;

(9) A surrogate identified pursuant to § 68-11-1806;

(10) An adult who exhibited special care and concern for the decedent; and

(11) Any other person having the authority to dispose of the decedent’s body.

(b) If there is more than one (1) member of a class listed in subdivisions (a)(4), (a)(5), (a)(6), (a)(7) or (a)(8) entitled to make an anatomical gift, an anatomical gift may be made by a member of the class, unless that member or a person to which the gift may pass under § 68-30-111 knows of an objection by another member of the class. If an objection is known, the gift may be made only by a majority of the members of the class who are reasonably available.

(c) A person may not make an anatomical gift if, at the time of the decedent’s death, a person in a prior class under subsection (a) is reasonably available to make or to object to the making of an anatomical gift.

68-30-110. Manner of making, amending or revoking anatomical gift of decedent’s body or part.

(a) A person authorized to make an anatomical gift under § 68-30-109 may make an anatomical gift by a document of gift signed by the person making the gift or by that person’s oral communication that is electronically recorded or is contemporaneously reduced to a record and signed by the individual receiving the oral communication.

(b) Subject to subsection (c), an anatomical gift by a person authorized under § 68-30-109 may be amended or revoked orally or in a record by any member of a prior class who is reasonably available. If more than one (1) member of the prior class is reasonably available, the gift made by a person authorized under § 68-30-109 may be:

(1) Amended only if a majority of the reasonably available members agree to the amending of the gift; or

(2) Revoked only if a majority of the reasonably available members agree to the revoking of the gift or if they are equally divided as to whether to revoke the gift.

(c) A revocation under subsection (b) is effective only if, before an incision has been made to remove a part from the donor’s body or before invasive procedures have begun to prepare the recipient, the procurement organization, transplant hospital, or physician or technician knows of the revocation.

68-30-113. Delivery of document of gift not required — Right to examine.

(a) A document of gift need not be delivered during the donor’s lifetime to be effective.

(b) Upon or after an individual’s death, a person in possession of a document of gift or a refusal to make an anatomical gift with respect to the individual shall allow examination and copying of the document of gift or refusal by a person authorized to make or object to the making of an anatomical gift with respect to the individual or by a person to which the gift could pass under § 68-30-111.

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